In this unit pupils will review and extend their knowledge of geographical concepts and terms related to the Earth’s surface, such as continents, oceans and seas; mountains and rivers; as well as locating major cities and countries around the world. Pupils begin by refreshing what they know about continents, countries and capital cities by completing a classifi cation chart. On the fi rst two content pages, pupils look at the seven continents and major oceans and seas in greater detail and locate them on a world map. Pupils go onto review important natural features of the Earth’s surface focusing on mountains and rivers and are introduced to their different parts and characteristics. This is followed by a double page spread featuring a physical map that highlights the major mountain ranges and rivers of the world. The last two content pages focus on a political map, providing pupils with an opportunity to locate and learn about cities and countries from the different continents. Much of the vocabulary in this unit builds on the basic concepts pupils have studied previous years and concepts are explained in greater detail. In this unit pupils will continue to develop their map-reading and spatial-visualisation skills, and also develop communicative strategies such as paraphrasing, giving examples and making comparisons.